Amanita muscaria, commonly known as the fly agaric or fly amanita, is a basidiomycete of the genus Amanita. It is also a muscimol mushroom. Native throughout the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Amanita muscaria has been unintentionally introduced to many countries in the Southern Hemisphere, generally as a symbiont with pine and birch plantations, and is now a true cosmopolitan species. It associates with various deciduous and coniferous trees. Arguably the most iconic toadstool species, the fly agaric is a large white-gilled, white-spotted, usually red mushroom, and is one of the most recognizable and widely encountered in popular culture. Although classified as poisonous, reports of human deaths resulting from its ingestion are extremely rare. After parboiling twice with water draining—which weakens its toxicity and breaks down the mushroom's psychoactive substances—it is eaten in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. Amanita muscaria is noted for its hallucinogenic properties, with its main psychoactive constituents being the compounds ibotenic acid and muscimol. The mushroom was used as an intoxicant and entheogen by the indigenous peoples of Siberia and by the Sámi, and has a religious significance in these cultures. There has been much speculation on possible traditional use of this mushroom as an intoxicant in other places such as the Middle East, Eurasia, North America, and Scandinavia. This comment uses material from the Wikipedia article https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita_muscaria, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0

Vernacular names:

suomi: Punakärpässieni, punainen kärpässieni Boarisch: Fliangschwammerl, Flóingschwammerl беларуская: Чырвоны мухамор български: Червена мухоморка català: Reig de fageda, Reig bord čeština: Muchomůrka červená dansk: Rød Fluesvamp Deutsch: Fliegenpilz English: Fly agaric eesti: Punane kärbseseen français: Amanite tue-mouches magyar: Légyölő galóca italiano: Ovolaccio, ovolo malefico 日本語: ベニテングタケ lietuvių: Paprastoji musmirė Nederlands: Vliegenzwam norsk: Rød fluesopp polski: Muchomor czerwony português: Agário-das-moscas, mata-moscas русский: Красный мухомор slovenčina: Muchotrávka červená svenska: Röd flugsvamp Türkçe: Sinek mantarı українська: Мухомор червоний walon: Amanite touwe-moxhe 中文: 毒蠅傘(繁體、正體);毒蝇伞(简体)

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